Cuban Endemic’s

Cuban Endemics

The main purpose of our trip to Cuba was to find and identify the endemic birds on the island of Cuba and outlying Cays.  Endemic is defined as ” native or restricted to a certain country or area”.  Our group saw 24 of the 26 possibilities.  We did not see the Cuban Kite and Greater Antillean Nightjar.

I was able to photography many of the species but not all that we saw.  The Bee Hummingbird is so small and quick that they are almost impossible to photograph.  The day we got great views of the Gundlach´s Hawk, I did not have my long lens on the camera and missed a great shot.

Cuba’s 26 endemic species as identified in the Field Guide to the Birds of Cuba,
Cornell Press, 2000 and 2011

  1. Common Black Hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus
  2. Cuban Kite, Chondrohierax wilsoni critically endangered
  3. Gundlach´s Hawk, Accipiter gundlachi vulnerable
  4. Zapata Rail, Cyanolimnas cerverai endangered
  5. Blue-headed Quail Dove, Starnoenas cyanocephala vulnerable
  6. Gray-headed (Grey-fronted) Quail Dove, Geotrygon canicep vulnerable
  7. Cuban Parakeet, Aratinga euops vulnerable
  8. Bare-legged Owl, Gymnoglaux lawrencii.Otus lawrencii
  9. Cuban Pygmy-Owl, Glaucidium siju
  10. Bee Hummingbird, Mellisuga helenae vulnerable
  11. Cuban Trogon, Priotelus temnurus
  12. Cuban Tody, Todus multicolor
  13. Cuban Green Woodpecker, Xiphidiopicus percussus
  14. Fernandina´s Flicker, Colaptes fernandinae vulnerable
  15. Zapata Wren, Ferminia cerverai
  16. Cuban Gnatcatcher, Polioptila lembeyei
  17. Cuban Solitaire, Myadestes elisabeth
  18. Cuban Vireo, Vireo gundlachii
  19. Oriente Warbler, Teretistris fornsi
  20. Yellow-headed Warbler, Teretistris fernandinae
  21. Zapata Sparrow, Torreornis inexpectata vulnerable
  22. Cuban Blackbird, Dives atroviolacea
  23. Cuban Grassquit, Tiaris canora
  24. Red-shouldered Blackbird, Agelaius assimilis
  25. Cuban Oriole (Black-cowled Oriole), Icterus dominicensis
  26. Greater Antillean Nightjar, Caprimulgus cubanensis


Sloppy Joe’s Bar, Havana

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Excerpt from Wikipedia

Sloppy Joe’s Bar is a historic bar located in Havana, Cuba. The bar reopened in 2013 after being closed for 48 years.[1]

The advent of Prohibition in the United States spurred its original owner, Jose Abeal Otero, to change the emphasis from food service to liquor service[2] when American tourists would visit Havana for the nightlife, the gambling and the alcohol they could not obtain back home.

Sloppy Joe’s welcomed tourists for over four decades, and offered over 80 cocktails in addition to the bar’s own brand of 12-year-old rum.[3] During the 1940s and 1950s it was a magnet for American celebrities as well as tourists wanting to mingle with them.[4] It has been described by the Los Angeles Times as “one of the most famous bars in the world” with “almost the status of a shrine.”[5]

The Cuban Revolution of 1959 saw the bar’s business nosedive, as some 90% of Sloppy Joe’s clientele was American. A fire in the 60s closed the establishment for good.[5] The building in which the bar was housed remained intact, resembling a ghost town with its single-piece mahogany bar and photos of celebrities.[4] The slow-paced, extensive restoration, undertaken by The Office of the Historian of Havana, began in 2007.[6] It is located on the corner of Calle Animas and Zulueta in Havana Vieja (Old Havana). The building is located behind (on the same block as) the Plaza Hotel.

The bar, in its heyday, can be seen in the movie Our Man in Havana starring Alec Guinness[4] as it is the bar in which the character (Jim Wormold) is attempted to be recruited into the secret service. It supposedly inspired the deli sandwich sold in northern New Jersey for over half a century by the same name, sloppy joe.

Renovation work on Sloppy Joe’s was completed in early 2013, and its doors opened to the public on April 12th of that year.[1] The facade closely resembles the images from the 1950s, even down to the sign on the corner, above the arches.[7]


Meeting Orlando H. Garrido

After lunch our first day, we were treated to an audience with Orlando H. Garrido, author of Field Guide to the Birds of Cuba.  Orlando described and showed us the 26 Cuban endemics that we were hoping to see during our stay.

Besides being a world class Cuban Herpetologist & Zoologist, Orlando was a world class tennis player


Arriving in Habana

After an early morning flight from Miami to Havana, we were treated to our first sites of culture, cars, birds and street life on the island only 90 miles south of Miami.  As an American tourist, we are allowed to legally visit Cuba as the member of an approved group.  We went under the umbrella of performing a Cuban bird survey.

Over the next several weeks, I’ll offer a glimpse of Cuba and my impressions of this wonderful neighbor.